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Gender and Tourism Publications
The Global Report on Women in Tourism 2010 , the first concrete output of the UNWTO-UN Women collaboration, represents a first attempt to map the participation of women in tourism worldwide, with a particular focus on developing countries. It identifies where tourism can provide opportunities for income generation and economic empowerment for women, and where significant barriers to women’s success currently exist. The study is divided into five thematic strands – Employment, Entrepreneurship, Education, Leadership and Community - and is based predominantly on ILO data.
The Report reveals that, although women make up a large proportion of the formal tourism workforce, they remain poorly represented at professional levels and earn significantly less than their male counterparts. Women represent a higher percentage of own-account workers in tourism than in other sectors, tourism has almost twice as many women employers as other sectors and approximately one in five tourism ministers are women.
|Baseline Research Agenda:
UNWTO Task Force for Women in Tourism
Linda W.J. Peeters,
Irena Ateljevic, Wageningen University, The Netherlands,
Migration and Tourism Publications
The UNWTO Study on Tourism and Migration, published in 2009, explores the linkages between migration and tourism in order to assess the impact of migratory flows on tourism, and to investigate the opportunities resulting from the relationship between these two global phenomena. Case studies from selected countries across Europe, Asia and the Americas illustrate these tendencies and findings, forming the basis of the report’s recommendations on possible follow-up actions for relevant tourism stakeholders.
Child Protection in Tourism Publications
This guide aims to assist officials of National Tourism Administrations (NTAs) in being actively engaged in the protection of children from sexual exploitation in tourism activities, in particular within the tourism networks.The Guidelines for National Tourism Administration (NTA) Focal Points are the result of a series of regional consultations with actual NTA focal points, industry and other bodies concerned, which took place throughout 2001. Download the full text of the guidlines here.
Code of Conduct to Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism (2004)
Publication by ECPAT International and supported by UNWTO
This publication provides a comprehensive overview of the development of the Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism, a project initiated by ECPAT and implemented by over companies, tour operators and hotel chains. Specific cases of implementation are provided as examples of how different tourism businesses may work to defin corporate policies, training their personnel and informing their clients on how to prevent sexual exploitation of children in tourism and to protect their business against the negative impacts of this phenomenon. Access the full text of the publication at UNWTO's e-library here.
The Incidence of Sexual Exploitation of Children in Tourism is part of a series of interrelated projects carried out within the context of the International Campaign Against Sexual Exploitation of Children in Tourism, co-funded by the European Commission. The publication is divided into two parts that examine the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) in tourism networks from the perspectives of both tourist-receiving and tourist-sending countries. The report considers the effectiveness of existing international campaigns, identifies critical areas involving the tourism industry and makes recommendations for the prevention of exploitation in the short and long term. It also includes a number of recommendations of how the tourism industry can work, both in collaboration with other stakeholders and within its own sectors, to end CSEC.
The first part of the report relates to tourism-receiving countries and focuses particularly on the different manifestations of CSEC in tourism, outlining initiatives and activities undertaken to date in three South-East Asian tourism destinations – Cambodia, Thailand and Bali, Indonesia. The second part addresses the issue from the perspective of tourism-sending countries. It analyses critical areas of the tourism network and trafficking of children and international campaign monitoring programmes. It provides a study on New Zealand’s sex industry and overseas travel by New Zealand nationals. Download the full report here or visit UNWTO's e-library, here.
International Campaign Against Sexual Exploitation of Children in Tourism
Tourism Training Module (2001)
(Contains CD-ROM with slides, videos and logos)
The publication is part of a series of interrelated projects that are carried out within the context of the International Campaign Against Sexual Exploitation of Children in Tourism, co-funded by the European Commission. The Tourism Training Module is designed to assist educators in integrating the subject of CSEC (Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children) in tourism into existing tourism-related courses. The materials are prepared to use approximately 4-8 hours of classroom time. The module includes a suggested outline for lecture, in-depth background information, structured lecture notes, discussion questions, exercises, case studies and projects, overhead slide programme for class presentation and a resource list.
The module is meant to be flexible in contents and implementation and adaptable to local needs, not only as language is concerned. Teachers are in fact encouraged to add the local cultural context by adapting the materials, suggested activities and presentation ideas. Due to the special importance of the subject the publication is offered at a price below cost. Download the full module here or visit UNWTO's e-library, here.
International Campaign Against Sexual Explitation of Children in Tourism
Youth Module (2001)
(Contains CD-ROM with slides, videos and logos)
The publication is part of a series of interrelated projects carried out within the context of the International Campaign Against Sexual Exploitation of Children in Tourism, co-funded by the European Commission. The Youth Module is designed as a resource for teachers in secondary schools and to assist in introducing the subject of children’s rights, responsible tourism and CSEC (Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children) in tourism into existing courses such as Health, Civics, Geography, Social Studies and global issues. The module is meant to be flexible in contents and implementation and adaptable to local needs, not only as language is concerned. Teachers are encouraged to add the local cultural context by adapting the materials, suggested activities and presentation ideas. Download the full module here or visit UNWTO's e-library, here.