European Union Funded Projects (2001 - 2006)

At the end of 2000, the World Tourism Organization began to pool resources with the European Union (EU) to develop a series of interactive projects to counter "child sex tourism". Since then, a total of 2 million euros have been committed by the EU to support projects aimed at awareness raising and capacity building actions for an International Campaign Against Sexual Exploitation of Children in Tourism.

The first phase of the project (2001) was funded under a budget line administered by the Tourism Unit of DG Enterprise. The second phase was part of the European Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights.

Coordinated by the World Tourism Organization, these projects are jointly implemented with four NGO partners, namely the ECPAT Group/Respect, the Family and Child Care Centre, the International Federation of Journalists and the International Federation Terre des Hommes.

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UNWTO project (2001 - 2006)

As part of the UNWTO/EU project, four publications have been produced, two of which are training modules designed to integrate the subject of SECT into educational programmes: The Tourism Training Module, geared towards future tourism professionals and the Youth Module for primary and secondary school students. The report on The Incidence of Sexual Exploitation of Children in Tourism identifies critical areas in tourism networks for the elaboration of a plan of action to combat all forms of sexual exploitation. The Guidelines for National Tourism Administration (NTA) Focal Points provide guidance for encouraging an active engagement in favour of the protection of children, through the establishment of effective and operational networks with all interested partners.

Awareness-Raising Campaign Targeting Host Communities and National Tourism Administrations at Destination Countries

Initiatives undertaken by the World Tourism Organization in the 2nd phase of the project:

  • Promotion of the Guidelines for national tourism authorities focal points at local tourism destinations, through their dissemination, implementation and follow up.
  • Implementation of the UNWTO training modules, their adaptation to regional needs and incorporation into tourism education programmes and schools, through pilot testing projects.
  • Servicing of the UNWTO website, with the development of national, regional and international initiatives and the provision of information on national focal points, emergency hotlines and legislation.

Initiatives undertaken by the World Tourism Organization in the 1st phase of the project (2001):

  • Preparation of a study on the incidence of child sex tourism with a view to measuring the effectiveness of the international campaign against sexual exploitation of children in tourism.
  • Development and implementation of guidelines and procedures for national tourism administrations and local tourist destination focal points.
  • Development of training material for tourism curricula.
  • Support of regional activities against sexual exploitation of children in tourism in Africa and the Americas.
  • Contribution to the Second World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (Japan, December 2001).
  • Development of links on the World Tourism Organization website  to other relevant online sites.

ECPAT/RESPECT project (2001 - 2006) (The Code)

ECPAT (End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking in Children for Sexual Purposes) is a network of organizations and individuals that encourages the international community to ensure that children everywhere enjoy their fundamental rights, free and secure from all forms of commercial sexual exploitation. Respect (Center for Tourism and Development) is an Austrian non-governmental organization focusing its research, education and campaign work on sustainable tourism and regional development.

Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism (CC Project)

The Code of Conduct committs suppliers of tourism services to:

  • Establish an ethical policy regarding the protection of children against sexual exploitation.
  • Train their personnel in the country of origin and in travel destinations.
  • Include a specific clause in contracts with suppliers that proclaims a common repudiation of child sex.
  • Provide information to travelers through appropriate means.
  • Provide information to local " key persons" at destinations.
  • Report annually.

The 2001 project "Code of Conduct of the Tourism Industry to protect children from sexual exploitation" ( was a follow-up of the 2000 project (Certified Code of Conduct). It commits tour operators to raise awareness among the public, their employees, their suppliers (in the home country as well as at the destinations) and the travellers.

The Code of Conduct was elaborated by ECPAT Sweden in April 1998 in collaboration with a group of Scandinavian tour operators (Star Tour). Valuable comments and suggestions on the contents of the Code were received from the World Tourism Organization, UFTAA, and other experts in the field. Since November 1999 - supported by the European Commission - Respect Austria - Centre for Tourism & Development and ECPAT Germany were project partners. In year 2000 the Code of Conduct promoted by ECPAT Italy was adopted by the Italian Tourism Industry. In 2001, ECPAT Netherlands and ECPAT United Kingdom also decided to work on the implementation of the Code. The Code was adopted by British Thomson Holidays in 2000, in February 2001 by the German Travel Agencies' and Tour Operators' Association (DRV) and in April 2001 by the Austrian Travel Agencies' and Tour Operators' Association (ÖRV).

Awareness building measures (production of printed material, media campaigns, participation in travel and tourism fairs) were conducted by CC-Partners. ECPAT Italy produced ticket jackets and information brochures, while ECPAT Netherlands began a postcard campaign at the Dutch Holiday Fair, in which travellers were asked to pressure the tourism industry to take concrete measures. Respect Austria produced an in-flight video "The abuse of children is not a pecadillo" which won the international "TOURA D'OR" award during the ITB Tourism Fair in Berlin, Germany in March 2001. ECPAT Germany produced and distributed a training brochure "Aktiv zum Schutz der Kinder gegen sexuelle Ausbeutung" which was adapted and distributed by Respect Austria. ECPAT Netherlands, in collaboration  with TUI Netherlands, created training material and a fact sheet for tour leaders, which was distributed by TUI brands (FiT, Arke, Holland International, De Boer endeveloped Wendel, Zuiderbreedte) to their personnel as of March 2001. ECPAT UK focused on the training of destination staff in pilot destinations and develops training packages together with Thomson Holidays.

The implementation of the Code of Conduct was initiated by ECPAT Sweden in collaboration with Scandinavian tour operators, and later extended to Austria (respect - Centre for Tourism & Development), Germany (ECPAT Germany), Italy (ECPAT Italy), the Netherlands (ECPAT Netherlands) and the United Kingdom (ECPAT United Kingdom).

For further information, please visit: and

International Federation of Journalists projects (2001 - 2006)

The IFJ is the world's leading organisation of journalists. At its 1998 Congress in Recife, Brazil the IFJ launched a three-year programme of consultations with member unions about its Draft Guidelines and Principles for Reporting Issues Involving Children.

Child Sex Tourism: Awareness Raising in the Media

Follow-up to the 2000 project: A Publishing Project to Promote Co-operation between Journalists, Child Rights Campaigners and People Working in the Tourism Industry.

Unions representing workers in the tourism industry are key partners in combating child sex tourism. The IFJ has sought to promote more active co-operation between the tourism industry and the unions as well as the media. For information on actions undertaken by trade unions to fight exploitation of children, please visit the Global Unions web-site at:

The IFJ has also promoted coordinated international action to defend press freedom and social justice through the development of strong, free and independent trade unions of journalists.

For further information, contact:
International Federation of Journalists
266, rue Royale
B-1210 Brussels
Tel: +322 223 22 65
Fax: +322 219 29 76

Terre des Hommes project (2001 - 2006) (Internet Platform)

The International Federation Terre des Hommes (TDH) is a network of organizations that works for the rights of the child and promotes equitable development without racial, religious, cultural or gender-based discrimination. Since the early nineties, TDH has been actively involved in preventing the sexual exploitation of children in tourism with award-winning campaigns, including the in-flight spot "Toys" and the Internet platform

Under the first phase of the project, TDH developed the Internet platform against the sexual exploitation of children in tourism in order to offer travellers and the tourism industry information about the issue, including practical tips on how to combat it.

Getting young people involved in the fight against sexual exploitation of children in tourism

With another communication project, TDH sensitized a "new", previously neglected, target group in the fight against the sexual exploitation of children in tourism, a group that is extremely important for the future development of tourism: young people. The project focused on communicating messages in a youth friendly and relevant manner, so that information received is accepted, understood and retained. Aspects of the project included:

  • Information spots on the problem of child sex tourism, tailored to the needs of young people, for television and cinemas.
  • The organization of a press trip to third countries by young journalists and "young
  • The provision of online background content through TDH's Internet platform.

For further information, contact:
Terre des hommes Deutschland e.V. (TDH)
Ruppenkampstrasse 11a
D-49031 Osnabrueck (Germany)
Phone: +49 (0) 541 71010, Fax: +49 (0) 541 707233
Websites: and


See also:

Back to past campaign "International Campaign Against Sexual Exploitation of Children in Tourism"

Back to 2008-present Protect Children Campaign

Back to the Task Force for the Protection of Children in Tourism

Back to UNWTO's work on the Protection of Children